IBS

IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), known as an irritable colon, is a very common reason for visits to primary care physicians or gastro-intestinal specialists. IBS causes great distress to patients. It is an idiopathic, functional, gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits, including diarrhea, constipation, alternating diarrhea and constipation, distension, bloating, nausea, and sensation of incomplete evacuation. There also may be symptoms of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GI) such as heartburn, chest pain and dysphagia. Also, there is broad range ofnon-GI tract symptoms. These may include somatic and psychological symptoms such as fatigue, irritability, headache, anxiety, depression, and even urologic dysfunction and gynecologic symptoms. Because of such a wide range of symptoms, clinicians should use the MANNING CRITERIA to increase correctness of the diagnosis of IBS, which is defined as "abdominal pain or discomfort that is relieved by defecation or associated with change in stool frequency or consistency, abdominal distension, the sensation of incomplete evacuation and the passage of mucus